„Affordable Living Space“ 1


New building – Rebuilding – Restoration
How can the gaps of demand regarding “affordable living space” be closed and how can that actually be conveyed and be defined in a consensus-oriented manner?


Comparable, modular structured (design-) expertise can help working out pros and cons of different planning scenarios for and with all participants at the round table.

That way it can be calculated already at an early planning stage in a transparent way, which gain can be achieved how sustainable and for whom. In other words: which are the burdens, thus the short termed expenses – and which are the mid and long term gains to be achieved with which kind of planning.

This is valid for all participants – tenants and owners / landlords – users; planners and investors, because – in a newly formatted cooperative or in fund-structures of that kind with local pre-emption right a tenant is also a potential owner and models for refinancing shall also guarantee an equivalent fair distribution of yield options.



An example here for such a kind of procedure from Düsseldorf on the left side. From top to bottom Variation 0, 1 and 2.

Variation 0 – an existing settlement from 1951 with the owner’s planning – a cooperative - lying below. A project development reaching from 2016 till 2029.

Variation 1 „modular redensification“: increase in site coverage ratio (GRZ-) and plot ratio (Floor Area Ratio-FAR /German GFZ) according to demands from the land development plan.

Variation 2 – “transition from settlement building to urban planning”: continuous “modular redensification” with kindergarten for new dwellers; bulked, more stimulating new planning; many different offers for living,  dwelling and working are possible here.


On the right side – top: drawing section with possibilities for project development and –management – and equivalent leader-participation models in the context of the “new formation of the cooperative system”.
Bottom: the existing settlement (black) and the new building (Variation 2) in a light orange above.

Building phases – basics for working out possibilities of mediation between different interests / stakeholders.


This is also reconsidered deeper in the second big chapter of “Fragmented Urban Development 201_” - “1. Strategies towards the “Renaissance of the Social City” 201_ in (North-) Western Realms – focus Central Europe – Germany” – here in case study 1.6 regarding a project in the North of Düsseldorf / Germany.